It was Karl Marx who wrote that history has a habit of repeating itself, first as tragedy then as farce.
We are witnessing the truth of this maxim in English politics as the man who led the Brexit campaign in order to become Prime Minister now suddenly renounces his ambition.
Boris Johnson has underlined the truth of the dictum: “He who wields the dagger never wears the crown.” Boris destroyed the career and place in history of his fellow Old Etonian David Cameron. If Lord North in the 18th century was the Prime Minister who lost America, David Cameron in the 21st century is the PM who lost Europe.
Another Old Etonian chum of Boris, James Landale, is the BBC’s deputy political editor. In the 1990s he was a journalist colleague of Boris in Brussels. He wrote this about the Boris approach to truth when writing about Europe: “Boris tells such dreadful lies, it make you gasp and stretch your eyes.”
Simon Heffer, one of the senior rightwing columnists in the British media and a noted historian, has written that Johnson is a “proven liar.”
The whole of the Leave campaign was based on a series of lies – namely that outside the EU there would be no immigration from Europe into Britain or that Britain would have £350 a million a year to spend on the NHS, or that Turkey was about to join the EU and so 75 million Turks would arrive in Britain tomorrow.
Boris and Leave fought the campaign on the “Bigger the Lie, the more it is believed.”
He became Nigel Farage’s useful idiot as the UKIP leader was perfectly justified in his claim to the European Parliament this week that he was the initiator of the demand for a Brexit referendum which David Cameron so casually gave him in January 2013.
We can leave the Tory Party and Borisologists the pleasure of working out why he did it but the significance of his standing down is important for what happens now on the UK and Europe.
Almost certainly the main beneficiary of Johnson giving up is Teresa May, the Home Secretary.
Sir Nicholas Soames MP, grandson of Winston Churchill, and a roistering ebullient pro-EU supporter of Remain immediately switched his support to May.
Last night a senior Tory MP who backed Remain told me he was supporting Boris Johnson, “Because we need someone as duplicitous, opportunistic and cynical as him to be Prime Minister and perhaps, with luck, he will turn his coat again and keep us in.”
Johnson himself wrote on Monday that the UK would have to accept free moment of labour from Europe if it wanted to keep Single Market access.
It was a warning to his Leave believers that he, Johnson, might have to make concessions in his Brexit negotiations that the Leave camp campaigned against.
Now if Teresa May becomes PM she is formally a Remainer. She has criticised the EU and is hostile to the ECHR but she stood side by side with David Cameron making it clear that Britain should not leave the EU.
Can she now find means that avoids a permanent rupture with Europe and the loss of the UK’s geo-political role and attractiveness to foreign investors?
Of course the majority vote in the referendum must be respected. But it represented only a third of the electorate and Cameron foolishly did not insist that a higher bar should be set as is the norm in other countries where referendums on major constitutional change require two-thirds majorities or the consent of all four componenet nations in the UK.
Constitutional lawyers have raised questions about the need for Parliament where there is a clear pro-EU majority to be consulted on any final decision to leave the EU.
As it becomes more and more clear the very high economic price of losing Single Market automatic passporting access for all banks and businesses in the UK – the City, for example, losing its profitable business trading and clearing Euros – there is a definite sense that the English are waking up to the economic consequences of Brexit.
In Scotland there is now near unanimity that in the event of Brexit Scotland would hold a referendum and become an independent state in the European Union – thus ending the history of the United Kingdom.
4 million people have signed an online petition calling for a second referendum – far more than the difference between the Remain and Leave camp.
Thus the possibility opens as in other EU member states that have reversed initial No votes in referendums and stayed as EU members that a second referendum could be held.
The probable replacement of the weak, sad Jeremy Corbyn as Labour leader by a strong purposeful woman, Angela Eagle, who shares some of the flinty determination of Teresa May opens the vista of an effective united party leadership of two women who want to stay in Europe.
Of course the off-shore owned press and the City Europhobes who funded UKIP and the Leave campaign would be furious.
But these are the elites that seek to dictate British global policy in their own interests and with a re-invigorated campaign focused on the truth and a BBC that stopped pandering to Eurosceptic truth-benders like Nigel Farage and the obsessive anti-EU Tory MPs, the British people can be awakened to vote in a second referendum to uphold their vital national interests which have always been damanged by relapses into isolationism.
In short the Battle for Britain and the Battle Against Brexit is not over. Teresa May can redeem the lost honour of the Conservative government which David Cameron foolishly threw away with his casual plebiscite pledge and like the last female leader of the Conservative Party make her mark on history.
Denis MacShane is a former UK Minister of Europe, author of Brexit : How Britain Will Leave Europe and a Senior Adviser as Avisa Partners, Brussels.