Home Drug Addiction Types of Drugs. The information has been screened and edited by health professionals to contain objective information on diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Contains bibliographic reference sources. Relationships strain and trust can break over the course of the substance abuse.
Doctors primarily prescribe stimulants for ADHDnarcolepsy and asthma because the drugs can open up breathing passages. The drugs can also help aid weight loss, as they can decrease appetite in users. Stimulant abuse occurs in high school when teens wish to enhance performance in school or sports.
What are drug classifications?
Stimulants often come in pill form but are also consumed via snorting or even as food and drink. For example, caffeine is found in many beverages, and cocaine is a powder that is snorted. When abused, stimulants can cause a variety of undesirable consequences. These effects can include:. Opioids are powerful painkillers that produce a sense of euphoria in users.
Derived from the poppy plant, opioids are often prescribed by doctors to patients who are suffering from intense pain. They are extremely habit-forming, sometimes even causing addiction in as little as three days. Opioid abuse can devastate the life of a user. Unfortunately, when someone decides to stop using opioids, they suffer tremendously then, as well. For example, hydrocodone withdrawal can be especially nasty, riddlings sufferers with flu-like symptoms for weeks on end. Other effects include:. Doctors prescribe some depressants for anxietyinsomniaobsessive-compulsive disorder and other medical issues that prevent the sufferer from fully relaxing.
These drugs often offer a sedative experience to users, making them a tempting choice for teens who wish to escape everyday stresses. Alcohol acts as a depressant, making it a popular choice 3 types of drugs users looking to relax. Overdosing on alcohol can cause severe toxicity and even death. The active ingredient in tobacco is nicotine, a chemical that acts as both a stimulant and a depressant.
Tobacco gives users a minor, immediate rush, followed by a feeling of relaxation. Nicotine is one of the most addictive substances known to man, and is dangerous for your teen to even try. Depressants can be useful when used properly, but depressant abuse can cause a host of issues in both the long and short term:. They may gain a false sense of invincibility, then engage in risky behavior such as driving under the influence or unsafe sex. Dissociatives can be taken as liquids, powders, solids or 3 types of drugs. The drugs include:.
Dissociatives are very dangerous, especially when used over extended periods of time. However, their immediate impact can be quite distressing as well:.
Mostly made up of everyday household items, these drugs cause brief feelings of euphoria. As the name suggests, inhalants are always inhaled as gases or fumes. Most commonly recognized as marijuanacannabis acts like a hallucinogen, but also produces depressant-like effects.
Recreational drugs and alcohol
It is a Schedule I drug i. Still, marijuana is often abused by those who do not medically require it.
Cannabis can be smoked, vaporized, and even eaten, if the THC is first rendered from the plant matter. Examples of cannabis include:. Cannabis abuse can destroy lives and can have both short- and long-term impacts on users:. No matter the type, all drugs have the potential to be dangerous. It is important to talk to your loved ones about drugs, and the ways in which these substances can negatively impact their lives. We offer a of free resources to help facilitate discussion, including our comprehensive Drug Index A-Z.
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What to Pack for Rehab? Why is Accreditation Important? Don't wait another day. Help is a phone call away. Types of Drugs. Drugs can be categorized based upon their effects on users. There are essentially seven different drug types, each with its own set of characteristics, effects and dangers. include stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, dissociatives, opioids, inhalants and cannabis.
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Types of drugs
The 7 Types of Drugs. Article at a Glance: Stimulants speed up the nervous system, while depressants have the opposite effect and slow it down. Opioids create a sense of euphoria and are habit forming. Inhalants are usually household items and ingested as gases or fumes. Cannabis has depressant-like effects and also acts as a hallucinogen. Table of Contents. These effects can include: Anxiety Paranoia Psychosis High body temperature Depression Heart failure Stroke Seizures Opioids Opioids are powerful painkillers that produce a sense of euphoria in users.
Opioids can be smoked, eaten, drank, injected or taken as pills. How to Help Someone Struggling with Addiction. When to Call a Drug Abuse Hotline. How to Spot a Drug Overdose. Foundation for a Drug-Free World, n. Is Alcohol a Drug? Alcohol Content.
National Institutes of Health, Feb. National Institutes of Health, Nov. University of Maryland, n. National Institutes of Health, July