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Substance abuse hotlines exist to help people find the support they National drug helpline to start down the road to a lifetime of recovery from addiction. When you call a substance abuse hotline, you are generally connected with a professional who has experience working with people near the low point of their addiction. The purpose of this guide is to give readers a clearer picture of what happens next and to provide information about the different substance abuse hotlines currently in operation.
Call the helpline and put yourself on the path to recovery. Get private, confidential help from trusted profesionals day and night. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SAMHSA reports that close to million Americans age 12 and older are past-month substance users, including an estimated million alcohol drinkers and 32 million illicit drug users. Approximately 20 million people in the United States meet the criteria for a diagnosis of substance use disorder and therefore could benefit from addiction treatment figures. Also, 48 million adults over the age of 18 in the US have a mental National drug helpline. Calling a drug hotline is an important first step in providing people who are battling substance use disorders with the guidance and support they need to overcome their addiction.
NOTE: This fact sheet discusses research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting.
Can drug addiction be treated?
These changes in the brain can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who use drugs. Drug addiction is also a relapsing disease. Relapse is the return to drug use after an attempt to stop. The path to drug addiction begins with the voluntary act of taking drugs. But over time, a person's ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised. Seeking and taking the drug becomes compulsive.
What is drug addiction?
This is mostly due to the effects of long-term drug exposure on brain function. Addiction affects parts of the brain involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and control over behavior. Most patients need long-term or repeated care to stop using completely and recover their lives. Based on scientific research since the mids, the following key principles should form the basis of any effective treatment program:.
A range of care with a tailored treatment program and follow-up options can be crucial to success. Treatment should include both medical and mental health services as needed. Follow-up care may include community- or family-based recovery support systems. Medications and devices can be used to manage withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and treat co-occurring conditions.
Medications and devices can help suppress withdrawal symptoms during detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," National drug helpline only the first step in the process. Patients who do not receive any further treatment after detoxification usually their drug use.
One study of treatment facilities found that medications were used in almost 80 percent of detoxifications SAMHSA, This device is placed behind the ear and sends electrical pulses to stimulate certain brain nerves. Also, in Maythe FDA approved lofexidine, a non-opioid medicine deed to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms. Relapse prevention.
Patients can use medications to help re-establish normal brain function and decrease cravings. Medications are available for treatment of opioid heroin, prescription pain relieverstobacco nicotineand alcohol addiction. Scientists are developing other medications to treat stimulant cocaine, methamphetamine and cannabis marijuana addiction.
People who use more than one drug, which is very common, need treatment for all of the substances they use. Outpatient behavioral treatment includes a wide variety of programs for patients who visit a behavioral health counselor on a regular schedule. Most of the programs involve individual or group drug counseling, or both. These programs typically offer forms of behavioral therapy such as:.
I. purposes of a substance abuse hotline
Treatment is sometimes intensive at first, where patients attend multiple outpatient sessions each week. After completing intensive treatment, patients transition to regular outpatient treatment, which meets less often and for fewer hours per week to help sustain their recovery. This application is intended to be used with outpatient treatment to treat alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, and stimulant substance use disorders. This National drug helpline is a prescription cognitive behavioral therapy and should be used in conjunction with treatment that includes buprenorphine and contingency management.
Inpatient or residential treatment can also be very effective, especially for those with more severe problems including co-occurring disorders. d residential treatment facilities offer hour structured and intensive care, including safe housing and medical attention.
Residential treatment facilities may use a variety of therapeutic approaches, and they are generally aimed at helping the patient live a drug-free, crime-free lifestyle after treatment. Examples of residential treatment settings include:.
Scientific research since the mids shows that drug abuse treatment can help many drug-using offenders change their attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors towards drug abuse; avoid relapse; and successfully remove themselves from a life of substance abuse and crime. Many National drug helpline the principles of treating drug addiction are similar for people within the criminal justice system as for those in the general population.
Treatment that is of poor quality or is not well suited to the needs of offenders may not be effective at reducing drug use and criminal behavior. In addition to the general principles of treatment, some considerations specific to offenders include the following:. Drug abuse changes the function of the brain, and many things can "trigger" drug cravings within the brain.
Only 4. Of these, about 2. For more information about drug addiction treatment, visit: www. For information about drug addiction treatment in the criminal justice system, visit: www. For step-by-step guides for people who think they or a loved one may need treatment, visit: www. This publication is available for your use and may be reproduced in its entirety without permission from NIDA.
Department of Health and Human Services.
Nida points of interest
National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics.
More Drug Topics. About NIDA. Principles of Effective Treatment Based on scientific research since the mids, the following key principles should form the basis of any effective treatment program: Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior.
No single treatment is right for everyone. People need to have quick access to treatment.
Staying in treatment long enough is critical. Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment.
Medications are often an important part of treatment, especially when combined with behavioral therapies. Treatment should address other possible mental disorders. Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of treatment. Treatment doesn't need to be voluntary to be effective. Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously. Challenges of Re-entry Drug abuse changes the function of the brain, and many things can "trigger" drug cravings within the brain.
Where to get help for drugs
Addiction treatment must help the person do the following: stop using drugs stay drug-free be productive in the family, at work, and in society Successful treatment has several steps: detoxification behavioral counseling medication for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction evaluation and treatment for co-occurring mental health issues such as depression and anxiety long-term follow-up to prevent relapse Medications and devices can be used to manage withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and treat co-occurring conditions.
National drug helpline therapies help patients: modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug use increase healthy life skills persist with other forms of treatment, such as medication People within the criminal justice system may need additional treatment services to treat drug use disorders effectively.