Sternberg suggests that there are three main components of love: passion, intimacy, and commitment. Love relationships vary depending on the presence or absence of each of these components. Passion refers to the intense, physical attraction partners feel toward one another.
You might not realize it yet, but you are surrounded by love. You step out of your house to head to work and your dog comes up to you, tail wagging, to see you off. While driving to the office, you Psychology in love on the music and what do you hear? Ditties about love. While stopped by a traffic light, you look out the window and see a middle-aged couple sharing breakfast in the coffee shop across the street.
Love — which could be defined as a field of resonating, often oscillating, and sometimes synchronous energy — is more than just a Psychology in love imperative to procreate. Early in life, our first experience of love is through the warmth, nurturance, and affection we receive through the contact and touch from our mothers, fathers or another primary caregiver. During our infancy and childhoodwarm, nurturing, and affectionate behaviors from our parents provide us with the capacity to form intimate, emotional bonds or relationships, called attachments, which shape how we form bonds with others throughout our lives.
Psychology says there are seven types of love. find out which one is yours
Bonding during infancy is not only important for our survival; it provides us with the safety, comfort and security we need when we are stressed or in danger, and protects our physical Psychology in love psychological well-being. Humans are not the only ones who are affectionate toward one another for the purposes of love and forming bonds. Tenderness can be seen among other mammals that form bonds with one another and display affectionate behaviors, like nuzzling in horses or kissing and hugging in chimpanzees. Maternal love is only one type of love that we experience in our lives.
Psychologist Robert Sternberg proposed that different types of love involve different amounts of intimacy trust, warmth, and closenesspassion and commitment.
In his triangular theory of love, he outlined seven main types of love:. As relationships evolve, different types of love may be present at different stages. Many of the love types tend to overlap, with some couples having companionship and lust, but not all of the time. In other words, there are many more than seven types of love, especially when taking into that humans are driven by a biological need to procreate lust.
In romantic love, passion is more enduring, meaningful and cerebral than lust. Early bonding and attachments we form with our parents when we are young play a key role in how we form romantic relationships later in life. In adult romantic relationships, when we feel safe and secure in our relationships, have responsive partners, and have close, intimate contact with our partners, we typically have a secure adult romantic relationship. On the other hand, people who form a type of insecure attachment known as dismissing-avoidant may be uncomfortable with how close they get to Psychology in love partners, and in an effort to detach from intimacy with their partners, they may engage in alcoholsex or other addictions.
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Lust — our innate biological drive to reproduce is also present and drives our sexual attraction and need for sexual gratification. Many of our primitive biological drives to reproduce are driven by the need for sexual gratification lust. The kisspeptin hormone has also been suggested to be a vital neuromodulator that drives different aspects of human reproduction by enhancing our emotional and sexual brain processing in key limbic and paralimbic brain structures in areas responsible for mood, drive and reward.
In other words, kisspeptin encourages us to procreate by fueling our sexual stimulation and desire to bond with a partner, driving forces in pair-bonding and romantic love. Aside from the luxurious kiss Psychology in love, kissing is considered to be one of the highest forms of intimacy. Rather than being purely driven by our innate drive to reproduce, passion in romantic love is much more than lust.
The psychology behind love and romance
Hugs, cuddles, and kisses are important in life, because they create more body-to-body contact outside of intercourse; they fuel intimacy. In romantic relationships, affectionate behaviors such as kissing can help to build intimacy trust and closeness between two people and satisfy our emotional needs for affection with our partners. When we are first falling in love, our attraction is driven Psychology in love changes in our brain chemicals, including:. If you are newly smitten with your partner, you may see the person as doing no wrong or you might idealize your partner and neglect to see his or her flaws or negative traits.
Attachments are strengthened because of the release of oxytocin and vasopressin during intimacy and other affectionate behaviors, the same neuropeptides that are released when we are children and help us form a bond with our mother or primary caregiver. Ralph RybackM. Ralph Ryback M. The Truisms of Wellness.
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The psychology of love: how to love and be loved
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